Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador ranked last in Canada’s first Provincial Energy Efficiency Scorecard, earning 15 points out of 100.

Energy Efficiency Programs See All

Energy efficiency programs secure energy savings through various strategies such as audits, retrofits, training for building tradespeople, “people-centred” or behavioural efficiency strategies, and customized industrial programs.

Energy Efficiency Program Administration

Energy efficiency programs are administered by two utility companies: Newfoundland Power (investor owned) and Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro (publicly owned).  Both utilities are regulated by the Newfoundland and Labrador Board of Commissioners of Public Utilities (the Public Utilities Board). 

The government also administers efficiency programs, such as the low-income Home Energy Savings administered by the Newfoundland and Labrador Housing Corporation, and other non-regulated fuels programs.  Government programs are supported with funds from the Government of Canada’s Low-Carbon Economy Leadership Fund.

Last reviewed: October 2020

Energy Efficiency Targets

TakeCHARGE program energy savings targets are approved by and reported to the Board of Commissioners of Public Utilities. There are no targets in policy or regulation.

Last reviewed: November 2019

Energy Efficiency as a Resource

The Board of Commissioners has issued orders for utilities to consider conservation and energy efficiency. Board Order PU 1 (1990) issued January 30, 1990 was the first time demand side initiatives were integrated as an alternative to energy supply.

Last reviewed: October 2020

Efficiency Potential Study and Energy Planning

Utilities complete 5-year conservation plans; the most recent were completed in 2019 and run from 2020-2024. A potential study was completed in 2016.

Last reviewed: October 2020

Cost-Effectiveness Testing

The Five-Year Conservation Plan 2016-2020 screens programs based on the Total Resource Cost Test (primary) and the Program Administrator Cost Test (secondary).

Last reviewed: October 2020

Evaluation, Measurement and Verification

Evaluation of federal-provincial funded programs is conducted as specified in the federal-provincial funding agreement, and is anticipated to include internal (including Auditor General) and third party audits.

Newfoundland Power's Home Energy Report program is evaluated annually by an external consultant. Other programs receive internal or external evaluations on a cycle basis..

Last reviewed: October 2020

Program Innovation

No dedicated funds for program innovation were identified.

Last reviewed: October 2020

Support for low-income energy efficiency programs

There are no legislative or regulatory requirements regarding low-income programs, and neither utility administers any.

The Newfoundland and Labrador Housing Corporation administers a Home Energy Savings Program, targeting homeowners with incomes below $32,500/per year.

Last reviewed: October 2020

Enabling Policies See All

Enabling policies refer to policies, regulations, and other activities that build supportive infrastructure and policy frameworks to advance energy efficiency in a province. 

Support for Financing

On-Bill Financing: Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro offers on-bill financing for heat pumps and insulation, and Newfoundland Power offers on-bill financing for measures such as insulation, thermostats, heat pumps, and R-2000 upgrades.

The Energy Efficiency Loan Program (EELP) offered low-interest loans that could be financed on utility bills from 2017-2020. Eligible applicants could receive financing for up to $10,000 over 5 years at an interest rate of prime plus 1.5%. The program was operated by the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador and takeCHARGE and was available to both Newfoundland Power and Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro customers. Eligible measures included heat pumps, basement and attic insulation, and home energy assessments. The program had a total of 482 participants through its lifetime.

Last reviewed: November 2020

Research and Development

The province has supported several RD&D energy-related projects, including for smart thermostats and thermal insulation.

Funding received by research institutes in Newfoundland and Labrador from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Council (NSERC) for energy efficiency projects comprised 9.6% of all energy-related research funded by NSERC in the province between 2016 and 2019.

Last reviewed: November 2020

Lead by example

Buildings
The 2011 Building Better Buildings Policy commits to ensuring that government-funded buildings that were built, or received substantial renovations, exceed the 1997 Model National Energy Code for Buildings by 25%, strive to achieve a LEED Silver standard, and complete a life-cycle project analysis.

Vehicle Fleets
2018-19 commitment to achieve a 10% reduction in inventory of light-duty vehicles. Tender specifications for vehicle purchases have been updated to include fuel consumption and alternative fuels.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Grid Modernization

Advanced metering
Approximately 58% of Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro’s meters are automatic reading meters. Newfoundland Power conducted a pilot program on direct control for hot water tanks which involved installment of smart meters, though this was on a small scale.

Non-wires alternatives / Geo-targetting
No actitivities identified.

Conservation voltage reduction
Newfoundland Power uses conservation voltage reduction to manage peak load in the winter.

Rate design
Newfoundland Power and Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro general service customers have a declining block rate, with lower energy charge beyond a threshold level of consumption.  Demand charges are higher during peak months of the year.

Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro domestic diesel customers have an inclining block rate, with higher energy charges after particular blocks of consumption per month.

Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro Industrial Customers pay separate rates for a fixed amount of total industrial energy demand supplied by a “development block” and a “market block” based on New York market prices.

Last reviewed: November 2020

Carbon Pricing

A “Made in Newfoundland” approach to carbon pricing came into effect on January 1, 2019. The system includes an intensity-based performance-based standards for large industrial facilities and large electricity generation, and a carbon tax on transportation, building fuels, small electricity generation, and other fuels. The carbon tax rate began at $20/tonne, and the provincial gas tax will be reduced to achieve parity of gasoline taxation with the other Atlantic provinces.

A portion of the revenue will be directed to energy efficiency programming, but no funds have been directly earmarked.

Last reviewed: November 2020

Buildings See All

Buildings are a significant and often neglected component of Canada’s infrastructure, and high-performance buildings are important for our quality of life, physical and mental health, and economic productivity

Building Codes

Housing and Small Buildings
The Province’s Municipalities Act requires municipal councils to adopt “the National Building Code of Canada and supplements or amendments to that Code” (Section 414 (3)). This would include the 2015 NBC revisions.  There is no provincial building code.

Large Buildings
There is no provincial building code in the Province, though the Municipalities Act requires municipal councils to adopt the National Building Code and subsequent amendments to the code when making regulations pertaining to buildings.

Stretch or Step Codes
The Municipalities Act (Sect 414 (3)) allows municipal councils to adopt standards that exceed the requirements of the National Building Code of Canada, plus supplements and amendments. The province has not provided performance criteria, or a formal program, for a stretch or step code.

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No commitment to net-zero energy ready codes.

Last reviewed: August 2020

Building Code Compliance

There have been no code compliance studies conducted in the province, though the province has develoepd two publicly available training guides: Guide to Building Energy Efficient Homes and Small Buildings – 2016, and Guide to Better Building Envelopes for Large Buildings – 2016.

The 7 largest municipalities in the province (covering about 40% of the the province's population) have a working group to share information and build capacity on a range of municipal codes, regulations and related issue. Energy codes is an agenda item for the group.

Last reviewed: August 2020

Home Energy Rating and Disclosure

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No

Last reviewed: August 2020

Building Energy Rating and Disclosure

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: No

Last reviewed: August 2020

Appliance and Equipment Market Transformation
Space Heating Windows Water Heating
Research and development - - -
Pilots and demonstrations Newfoundland Power is studying ductless mini-split heat pumps. - -
Information and awareness takeCharge incentive programs and LEED® Silver requirements for public buildings create market pull. TakeCharge incentive programs and LEED® Silver requirements for public buildings create market pull. -
Technology and installation training For provincial programs, heat pump installers must be journey refrigeration mechanics. Industry-led training includes windows. Industry-led training includes water heaters.
Upstream or downstream incentives The province offers downstream incentives for heat pumps. - -
Regulation, codes and standards - - -

Last reviewed: August 2020

Appliance and Equipment Standards

Newfoundland and Labrador harmonizes with federal appliance and equipment regulations.

Last reviewed: August 2020

Efficiency Requirements for Government Supported Housing

Newfoundland and Labrador’s 2009 Social Housing Plan, titled Secure Foundations, notes improving energy efficiency to current standards as part of general upgrades. Repairs and renovations continue to be supported in the province through federal and provincial funds. There are no specific budgets earmarked for energy efficiency, or efficiency standards for new or existing buildings noted in provincial policy documents.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Transportation See All

Policies tracked in the transporation area reflect the potential energy savings of closer integration of private transportation with buildings and electricity grids. 

Zero-Emission Vehicles Mandate

There is no zero-emission vehicle mandate in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Last reviewed: August 2020

Electric Vehicle Charging Program

Proponents (e.g., municipalities, non-profit) are eligible to apply to the Province for the installation of EV infrastructure (Level 2 and 3) under the Green Infrastructure Stream of the Investing in Canada Infrastructure Program.

Moreover, in Budget 2019 the Province announced that, through an investment of $2 million, the Department of Municipal Affairs and Environment, in collaboration with Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro, will pursue funding opportunities with the Federal Government to enhance the electric vehicle charging station network. The network of charging infrastructure is being installed in 2020.

Last reviewed: August 2020

EV and PHEV Financial Incentives

There are no financial incentives for EV/PHEVs in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Last reviewed: August 2020

“EV Ready” Building Code

There are no provisions in building codes to support EV/PHEV charging infrastructure.

Last reviewed: August 2020

Industry See All

In recognition that the industrial sector is highly varied across Canada, this database tracks policies that are broadly applicable to all industrial subsectors and provinces.

Energy Management

Utilities in Newfoundland and Labrador offer custom solutions for industrial efficiency which include support for feasibility studies and energy audits.  There are no programs supporting EMIS, training, or energy management systems.

Last reviewed: August 2020

Co-generation / Combined Heat and Power

No policy or programs to support cogeneration / combined heat and power were identified. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

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