New Brunswick

New Brunswick ranked 8th in Canada’s first Provincial Energy Efficiency Scorecard, earning 24 points out of 100.


Energy Efficiency Programs See All

Energy efficiency programs secure energy savings through various strategies such as audits, retrofits, training for building tradespeople, “people-centred” or behavioural efficiency strategies, and customized industrial programs.

Energy Efficiency Program Administration

New Brunswick Power administers electric and non-electric efficiency programs. Electric programs are primarily funded through ratepayers. Non-electric programs are currently supported through the Low-Carbon Economy Fund, and all-fuel low-income programs are funded by the government Social Development department.

Between 2005 and 2014, energy efficiency programming was administered by Efficiency New Brunswick, a not-for-profit crown corporation funded through the government budget.  In 2014, the government introduced legislation to dissolve Efficiency NB and transfer responsibility for efficiency programming to the provincial utility.

Last reviewed: November 2019

Energy Efficiency Targets

NB Power planned budgets and energy savings are reported to the New Brunswick Energy and Utilities Board.

There are no legislated targets.  The Climate Action Plan, ‘Transitioning to a Low Carbon Economy’, released in December 2016, called for efficiency initiatives at “performance levels in leading jurisdictions”, quoting a range of 1.5 – 1.75% of sales per year, though no current formal target exists. 

Last reviewed: November 2019

Energy Efficiency as a Resource

In 2014, the responsibility for efficiency programs was transferred from Efficiency New Brunswick to New Brunswick Power.

A July 23, 2018 mandate letter between the Minister of Energy and Resource Development and NB Power includes the following responsibility, “strengthening existing, and developing new cost-effective energy efficiency programs that result in direct savings to customers and NB Power, and support business development through contractor and consultant networks”.

The letter also mandates NB Power to protect and improve the environment through the Energy Smart NB plan and the reinstatement and expansion of “home energy efficiency retrofit programs to reduce energy use and lower costs for consumers of all-fuels”.

Last reviewed: November 2019

Efficiency Potential Study and Energy Planning

New Brunswick Power Integrated Resource Plans are updated every three years. The last plan was released in 2017.

An efficiency potential study was completed in 2010, and a refresh in 2012.  The latest potential study was completed in May 2019.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Cost-Effectiveness Testing

New Brunswick Power’s 2016-2018 DSM plan used the Program Administrator Cost test for its primary screening test, applied at the program level. The participant cost test was used as a secondary test.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Evaluation, Measurement and Verification

NB Power's individual programs are typically evaluated by a 3rd party on a 3 year cycle. They consist of interviews with staff and stakeholders (contracted parties, distributers, and participants), site visits, EM&V analysis, design and implementation analysis, and savings analysis.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Program Innovation

NB Power has an enablement fund line item in its budget that is used for the purpose of undertaking pilot projects and/or experimentation with new program approaches.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Support for low-income energy efficiency programs

NB Power administers the Low Income Energy Efficiency program on behalf of the Department of Social Development.  The program is fully funded by the provincial government in the order of $2m annually.  It focuses on weatherization and some elements of heating system upgrades and direct install components.

NB Power also administers a Community Outreach Program, that works with non-profit and community organizations to help clients improve energy efficiency. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Enabling Policies See All

Enabling policies refer to policies, regulations, and other activities that build supportive infrastructure and policy frameworks to advance energy efficiency in a province. 

Support for Financing

No support for financing identified.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Research and Development

Energy Smart NB is an NB Power initiative that encompasses 3 components: Smart Habits, Smart Grid, and Smart Solutions. Projects associated with this initiative include but are not limited to: LED Streetlights, Advanced Metering Infrastructure, Smart Grid Version 1.0, smart thermostats, smart water heaters, demand response, and EVs.

From 2014-2018, 8% of energy resource-related NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council) funds awarded to researchers as New Brunswick universities were for energy efficiency.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Lead by example

Under the Green Building Policy larger buildings (floor area greater than 2,000 m2) shall achieve a minimum LEED silver certification, or Green Globes standard. Buildings with floor area between 1,000-2,000 m2 shall meet a prescribe programs designed to reduce energy savings by at least 20-30% beyond the 1997 Model National Energy Code for Buildings, and meet the intent of the LEED Canada-NC requirements. Smaller buildings (floor area between 500-999 m2) have prescriptive requirements based on “Advanced Building Core Performance” Guide requirements.

The province’s most recent Climate Change Action Plan lists a number of actions for provincial buildings, including strengthening the Green Building Policy to include higher performance standards for energy efficiency.

The Green Vehicle Policy was adopted in 2008, requires that replacement vehicles be in the top 10% in their class for fuel efficiency, with extra incentives to purchase hybrid electric vehicles, and restrictions on non-hybrid SUV and pick-ups.

The province’s most recent Climate Change Action Plan indicates the government will develop a green transportation policy to electrify government fleets, implement new fleet procurement practices, and promote a culture of minimized travel for public servants.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Grid Modernization

Advanced metering
NB Power made an application to the NB Energy and Utilities Board in 2017 to approve advanced metering infrastructure, but the plan was not approved by the regulatory board.

Non-wires alternatives / Geo-targetting

Conservation voltage reduction
NB Power is testing conservation voltage reduction as part of a Grid Modernization Research and Development Pilot Project, with Siemens, Natural Resources Canada, and the National Research Council.

Rate design
Residential electricity customers pay a flat energy charge.

General Service electricity customers and small industrial customers pay a declining block rate and demand charges.  There is also an interruptible energy product available to large Industrial Customers.

New Brunswick Power’s ten-year plan (2019-2028) includes “Energy Smart NB” (formerly known as “Reduce and Shift Demand”) is a long-term plan to modernize the decades old grid and shift in-province electricity demand to defer the next significant generation investment. It includes “smart grid” (technology and software), “smart habits” (energy efficiency and demand response), “smart solutions” (new products and services that engage consumers and leverage demand side management and smart grid technology) elements.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Carbon Pricing

New Brunswick has a carbon price under the federal government’s carbon pricing “backstop”. Thus a carbon price was in place for large industrial facilities in January 2019 and for fuel producers and distributors in April 2019.

New Brunswick intends to submit a Made-In-NB approach to the Output Based Pricing System (large emitters) in July 2019. It is currently out for public comment on the GNB website. The Climate Change Act created the Climate Change Fund which can be used to fund GHG reduction initiatives like energy efficiency. If the plan is approved, it is expected there will be funds available for efficiency programs.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Buildings See All

Buildings are a significant and often neglected component of Canada’s infrastructure, and high-performance buildings are important for our quality of life, physical and mental health, and economic productivity

Building Codes

Housing and Small Buildings
New Brunswick has not adopted any energy efficiency regulations for energy efficiency in housing and small buildings.

Regulation 2014-108 to the Metric Conversion Act, which affects building by-laws for municipalities under the Communities Planning Act, adopted the 2010 National Building Code of Canada, coming into force on January 1, 2015. Yet this regulation did not include the 2012 revision to the 2010 National Building Code related to energy efficiency in housing and small buildings.

Large Buildings
New Brunswick has not adopted a version of the National Energy Code for Buildings or enacted specific energy efficiency requirements for large buildings.

Stretch or Step Codes
No stretch or step code. 

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No formal commitment to a net-zero energy ready standard.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Building Code Compliance

No compliance activities identified.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Home Energy Rating and Disclosure

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No

The 2016 Climate Action Plan, Transitioning to a Low-Carbon Economy, stated that the government would “if viable, require energy labeling for all new building construction, both residential and commercial”.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Building Energy Rating and Disclosure

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: No

The 2016 Climate Action Plan, Transitioning to a Low-Carbon Economy, stated that the government would “require energy performance identification for all publicly funded new construction and major building renovations”.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Appliance and Equipment Market Transformation

New Brunswick has legislation to maintain a level of efficiency for products and appliances that effect the use of energy.

The New Brunswick Innovation Fund has provided support for a energy storage heat pump pilot project in PEI.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Appliance and Equipment Standards

New Brunswick regulates appliances and equipment through regulation 95-70 under the Energy Efficiency Act. The Government of New Brunswick’s website states that minimum levels of appliances and equipment will be upgraded on a two year cycle.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Efficiency Requirements for Government Supported Housing

The Province of New Brunswick Green Building Policy for New Construction & Major Renovation Projects contains mandatory guidelines for provincially funded social housing projects. The policy was released in 2010 and revised in 2011. New homes must achieve a minimum EnerGuide rating of 83 (or follow prescriptive guidelines). It also recommends homes be solar ready and to use materials produced using recycled content, that are produced regionally.[1]

In July 2018, New Brunswick announced a new 10-year housing agreement with the federal government to invest $300 M in social housing. This investment includes upgrades. No efficiency related targets or budgets to improve energy efficiency in particular are noted.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Transportation See All

Policies tracked in the transporation area reflect the potential energy savings of closer integration of private transportation with buildings and electricity grids. 

Zero-Emission Vehicles Mandate

New Brunswick does not have a zero-emissions vehicle mandate. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Electric Vehicle Charging Program

EV Charging Program: Yes
Support for Fast Chargers: Yes 

The eCharge Network includes level-2 charging station throughout the province and fast-charging stations along the TransCanada Highway.

In May 2018, the province announced an initiative to expand charging stations in provincial parks. In March 2019, the province announced the the addition of available fast e-charging sites throughout the province, as well as the development and delivery of an awareness and educational campaign.

Last reviewed: August 2019

EV and PHEV Financial Incentives

Drive Electric NB offered a $1000 rebate towards the purchase of a new or used electric vehicle, or plug-in hybrid vehicle when you traded in your gas-powered car. The program ran from April 2018 – March 31, 2019. The program ended early as strong participation depleted the funding allocated to the program.

Last reviewed: August 2019

“EV Ready” Building Code

There are no provisions in building codes to support EV/PHEV charging infrastructure.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Industry See All

In recognition that the industrial sector is highly varied across Canada, this database tracks policies that are broadly applicable to all industrial subsectors and provinces.

Energy Management

NB Power’s Energy Smart Industrial program supports energy audits, feasibility studies, offers customized incentives and an EMIS program.  The EMIS program is available for large industrial customers with 2000kW or more of demand. The program offers the following incentives within this stream:

  • EMIS Audit Incentive - 50% of eligible study costs (Maximum of $10,000 per account, per year)
  • EMIS Design Incentive - 50% of eligible study costs (Maximum of $35,000 per account per year)
  • EMIS Implementation Incentive - 50% of eligible project costs (Maximum of $80,000 per account per year)
  • EMIS Optimization Incentive - 50% of eligible project costs (Maximum of $30,000 per account per year)

NB Power’s Commercial and Industrial Programs host several training courses/workshops throughout the year. The utility has previously held the Certified Energy Manager and Certified Measurement and Verification Professional Courses and will be holding RETScreen training in 2019.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Co-generation / Combined Heat and Power

NB Power’s most recent efficiency potential study includes an analysis of CHP potential in the province.

Last reviewed: August 2019

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