Transportation

Policies tracked in the transporation area reflect the potential energy savings of closer integration of private transportation with buildings and electricity grids. 

Zero-Emission Vehicles Mandate

A zero-emission vehicle mandate sets a gradually increasing target for electric, plug-in hybrid and hydrogen vehicles to comprise a certain share of vehicles offered for sale. 

Alberta

There is no ZEV mandate in Alberta.

Last reviewed: August 2019

British Columbia

Mandate for 100% of new cars to be ZEV by 2040, 30% ZEV by 2030 and 10% by 2025.

Budget 2019 dedicated $3 M to implementation of the ZEV standard.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Manitoba

There is no ZEV mandate in Manitoba.

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

New Brunswick does not have a zero-emissions vehicle mandate. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

There is no zero-emission vehicle mandate in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

There is no zero-emission vehicle mandate in Nova Scotia. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Northwest Territories

There is no zero-emission vehicle mandate in Northwest Territories. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

There is no zero-emission vehicle mandate in Nunavut. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

The Ontario Climate Action Plan 2016-2020 states the Ontario opted to not proceed with a ZEV mandate, preferring a collaborative approach with a province-wide sales target. There is no mention of a ZEV mandate in the government’s November 2018 Environment Plan.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Prince Edward Island

There is no zero-emission vehicle mandate in Prince Edward Island. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

Quebec Zero-Emission Vehicle Standard was adopted under the Act to increase the number of zero-emission motor vehicles in Québec in order to reduce greenhouse gas and other pollutant emissions on October 26, 2016, and implemented via regulations A-33.02, r.1 and A-33.02 r. 2. The standard came into force on January 11, 2018. The ZEV mandate requires that manufacturers earn ZEV credits equal to 3.5% of light-duty vehicle sales and leases by 2018 and 22% by 2025. Vehicles that are reconditioned by automakers and registered in Québec are eligible for credits.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

There is no zero-emission vehicle mandate in Saskatchewan.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

No information available.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Electric Vehicle Charging Program

Policy or programs to support the installation of private residential or business charging stations facilitate vehicle adoption, and support for  publicly accessible charging stations for electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles can reduce ‘range anxiety’ barriers to adoption.

Alberta

EV Charging Program: Yes
Support for fast charging: Yes 

In 2017, ATCO deployed a Calgary-Edmonton Universal Fast Charging Corridor, installed three charging stations in Edmonton, Red Deer and Calgary. Each location was installed with fast charging and Level 2 charging stations. This project was supported by Natural Resources Canada.

The Peaks to Prairies is an electric vehicle charging network in Southern Alberta with plans to install 20 DC fast-charging stations and Level 2 stations by the end of 2019. The provincial government committed funding to this initiative in February 2019. Stations must be powered by renewable energy, through on-site generation and/or renewable energy certificates.

The City of Edmonton is working with ATCO to pilot curbside electric vehicle charging, with stations planned to be operational in 2019.

Last reviewed: August 2019

British Columbia

EV Charging Program: Yes
Support for fast-charging: Yes (funding dedicated)

As part of its larger Clean Energy Vehicles for BC program (CEV for BC), the province administers two separate support initiatives for private and public charging station deployment: a Charging Solutions and Incentives Program for residential and Level 2 public charging stations, and a Fast DC Charger Program, in partnership with NRCAN, BC Hydro, local governments and academic institutions.  As of 2017, the programs combined have supported the construction of 1,300 residential and public charging stations, including 30 DC fast charging stations.

The province also funds the ‘Fleet Champions Program’, administered by the Fraser Basin Council, which provides business case assessments for fleets and charging infrastructure incentives for Level 2 charging stations. Applications were closed when websites was visited on March 15, 2019. 

Budget 2019 dedicated $20 M to support new public fast-charging and hydrogen fueling stations, $5 M for home/workplace charging, and $5 M for charging stations at highway rest areas and BC government buildings.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Manitoba

EV Charging Program: No
Support for fast-charging stations: No

Manitoba Hydro provides information on EVs and EV charging, but does not have a deployment program.

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

EV Charging Program: Yes
Support for Fast Chargers: Yes 

The eCharge Network includes level-2 charging station throughout the province and fast-charging stations along the TransCanada Highway.

In May 2018, the province announced an initiative to expand charging stations in provincial parks. In March 2019, the province announced the the addition of available fast e-charging sites throughout the province, as well as the development and delivery of an awareness and educational campaign.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

EV Charging Program: Yes
Support for Fast Charging: Yes 

Proponents (e.g., municipalities, non-profit) are eligible to apply to the Province for the installation of EV infrastructure (Level 2 and 3) under the Green Infrastrcuture Stream of the Investing in Canada Infrastructure Program.

Moreover, in Budget 2019 the Province announced that, through an investment of $2 million, the Department of Municipal Affairs and Environment, in collaboration with Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro, will pursue funding opportunities with the Federal Government to enhance the electric vehicle charging station network. This will include accepting applications from the private and not-for-profit sectors to establish charging stations across the province.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

EV Charging Program: No
Support for fast-charging: Yes 

The Province does not have an active EV public charging program to deploy infrastructure. However, it has provided funding on a case-by-case basis.

NS Power installed a cross-province network of L3 fast charging stations available for public use on the 100-series highways. This network covers the majority of the province with stations every ~65km.

The province provided funding for L2 stations to accompany all 12 L3 stations.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Northwest Territories

Charging Program: No
Support for fast charging: Unknown

The 2030 Energy Strategy lists plans to “initiate a rebate program for low or zero emissions vehicle and charging stations in hydro communities” and to “assess the feasibility and complete Zero-Emissions Vehicle Transport Corridor NWT Border to Yellowknife”.

In 2015, the Arctic Energy Alliance tested a Chevrolet Volt.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

No electric vehicle charging support program identified. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

EV Charging Program: Cancelled in 2018
Support for fast charging: Yes

The Electric Vehicle Chargers Ontario (EVCO) initiative aimed to install 500 charging stations (300 Level 2 and 200 Level 3), launched in December 2015, with all funding awarded as of 2016. The program funded 346 level 2 and 3 charging stations.

The Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive Program (EVCIP) offered a 50% rebate for the purchase (up to a maximum of $500) for Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) for home or business use, and another 50% rebate for its installation (up to a maximum of $500).  The EVCIP was funded through cap and trade proceeds, and thus the program was cancelled after the July 3, 2018 cancellation of the cap and trade program.

The Workplace Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive Program (WEVCIP) was a one-time program launched in January 2018.  WEVCIP was an application-based programs for employers, building owners and building managers to install level 2 chargers for their employees.  The program provided up to 80% of the cost to install level 2 chargers at the applicant's workplace/building, up to a maximum of $7,500 per charging station.  Given that WEVCIP was funded through cap and trade proceeds, the program was cancelled as a result. However, projects that had already begun before the cancellation were permitted to continue.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Prince Edward Island

EV Charging Program: Yes
Support for fast chargers: Yes

In March 2019, PEI received $300,000 to install 6 level-3 electric vehicle fast charging stations under the federal Electric Vehicle and Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Deployment Initiative. Note that “range anxiety” is less of an issue in a small sized island.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

EV Program: Yes
Support for fast charging: Yes 

The Electric Circuit launched in March 2012. Under the program Hydro-Quebec coordinates an international call for tenders and testing to provide EV charging infrastructure and related services to partners such as municipalities, institutions, and businesses to install charging infrastructure. Partners can choose standard or fast-charging stations. EV drivers can become members to charge from all stations in the network. 

The Québec government offers a financial assistance, up to a maximum of $600, for home station charging; 50% rebates up to $5,000 are available for workplace or multi-unit residential charging.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

There is no electric vehicle charging support program in Saskatchewan.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

As of November 2018, the Yukon has three charging stations, for the estimated 12 EVs in the territory. This includes a government purchased vehicle as part of an electric car pilot project.

Last reviewed: August 2019 

EV and PHEV Financial Incentives

Financial incentives such as rebates, tax credits or sales tax exempltions can help to reduce the upfront costs of electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles.

Alberta

There are no incentives for EV/PHEV vehicles in Alberta.

Last reviewed: August 2019

British Columbia

The Clean Energy Vehicles for British Columbia (CEV for BC) Program has offered point of sale incentives since November 2011. Consumers are eligible for $5,000 off the price of a battery electric, fuel-cell electric, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. The program recognizes significant sales by car dealerships through the “Green Star Awards”.  In its 2019 Budget, the provincial government allocated $6m to support light-duty fleet adoption of ZEVs, and $10m to support incentives for medium and heavy-duty vehicles.

The SCRAP-IT programs provides up to $6,000 incentive for a new electric car or up to $3,000 for a used electric car, when trading in an old gas car. Participants are also eligible for electric bikes, cash, mobility scooters, transit passes, and car share credits.

The Speciality Use Vehicle Incentive program offers $2,000-$5,000 for vehicles such as electric motorcycles, forklifts and low-speed vehicles.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Manitoba

There are no EV/PHEV financial incentives in Manitoba.

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

Drive Electric NB offered a $1000 rebate towards the purchase of a new or used electric vehicle, or plug-in hybrid vehicle when you traded in your gas-powered car. The program ran from April 2018 – March 31, 2019. The program ended early as strong participation depleted the funding allocated to the program.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

There are no financial incentives for EV/PHEVs in Newfoundland and Labrador. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

There are no EV / PHEV financial incentives in Nova Scotia. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Northwest Territories

No information available.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

No financial incentives for EV/PHEV vehicles identified.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

The Ontario Electric and Hydrogen Vehicle Incentives Program (EHVIP) provided purchase incentives of $5,000-$14,000 for eligible battery electric vehicles (BEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCV) based on their electric range and seating capacity.  BEVs and PHEVs with a Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price of $75,000 or more were not eligible for incentives.

The program was cancelled on July 11, 2018 after the July 3, 2018 cancellation of the cap and trade program. The wind down later expanded until September 10, 2018 after an Ontario Superior Court of Justice decision.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Prince Edward Island

There are no financial incentives for EV/PHEVs in Prince Edward Island. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

Incentives of up to $8,000 for the purchase of a new electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle, with a declining incentive with higher retail prices. For plug-in hybrids the incentive is calculated according to the electric battery capacity. Incentives are also available for low-speed electric vehicles and electric motorcycles.

Rebate of up to $4,000 for purchase of used electric vehicle, as part of a pilot project ending March 31, 2019. Used vehicles will qualify for rebates under the Roulez vert program.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

There are no EV/PHEV financial incentives in Saskatchewan.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

No information available. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

“EV Ready” Buildings

Governments can reduce barriers to EV/PHEVs by implementing requirements that new developments or major renovations include EV charging infrastructure, such as energized electrical outlets capable of Level 2 charging or higher.

Alberta

There are no provisions in the building code to support EV charging infrastructure.

Last reviewed: August 2019 

British Columbia

British Columbia clarified in 2016 that EV charging infrastructure was a matter ‘out of scope’ of the provincial Building Act. ‘Out of scope’ is defined as “matters… local government can regulate… if they have authority to do so in other statutes.” This clarification thus gives local governments greater flexibility and confidence in making decisions regarding the use of EV charging in new developments. 

A number of municipal governments in BC have revised by-laws to require EV charging in new builds and requirements for EV-ready stalls in multi-unit buildings. For details by municipality, see https://pluginbc.ca/policy/

Last reviewed: December 2019

Manitoba

There are no building code provisions regarding EV/PHEV charging infrastructure.

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

There are no provisions in building codes to support EV/PHEV charging infrastructure.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

There are no provisions in building codes to support EV/PHEV charging infrastructure. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

There are no provisions in building codes for EV/PHEV charging infrastructure.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Northwest Territories

No information available. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

No provisions in building codes for EV/PHEV charging instructure identified. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

The Ontario Building Code was revised in 2017 to include provisions for EV charging (section 3.1.21) in Part 3 and Part 9 buildings. The provisions went into force on January 1, 2018, but were subsequently revoked by an amending regulation passed on May 2, 2019 (see here and here).

Last reviewed: August 2019

Prince Edward Island

The PEI 2016-2017 Energy Strategy states that the government will consider “mandating that new homes be pre-wired for electric charging and link this measure to the adoption of the National Building Code. We will also examine the feasibility of requiring or encouraging outdoor parking in new multi-unit residential developments to be equipped with EV chargers.”

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

Québec changed its electricity code in 2018 to include an obligation to install basic wiring for EV charging in certain dwellings (Transportation, 1 pt, table 54).

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

There are no EV Ready provisions in Saskatchewan building codes. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

No information available. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

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