Building Codes

Building codes set minimum standards for the design and construction of new buildings, including energy efficiency requirements. Responsibility for adopting new building codes rests with the provinces and territories, which can further delegate that responsibility to municipalities.

Alberta

Houses and Small Buildings
The National Building Code – 2019 Alberta Edition is based on the 2015 edition of the National Building Code (including section 9.36 on energy performance). The previous version of this code was based on the 2010 National Building Code, and the 2012 revision to section 9.36 on energy performance

Large Buildings
The National Energy Code for Building – 2017 Edition was adopted for new buildings other than housing and small buildings by provincial regulation in February 2019, and will come into force on April 1, 2019. The previous version of the code were based on the 2011 National Energy Code for Buildings.

Stretch or Step Codes
Alberta does not have a stretch or step code.

Net-zero energy ready commitment
There is no formal commitment to move towards net-zero energy buildings in Alberta.

Last reviewed: August 2019

British Columbia

Building Code – Housing and Small Buildings
The Building Act was passed in the spring of 2015, which sets the provincial building code as the minimum standard in all municipalities except in the City of Vancouver, federal lands and reserves.

The 2018 edition of the BC Building Code references the 2015 version of the National Building Code, which includes energy performance requirements for housing and small buildings. This code was adopted in July 2018 and entered into force in December 2018.

Building Code – Large Buildings
The Building Act was passed in the spring of 2015, which sets the provincial building code as the minimum standard in all municipalities except in the City of Vancouver, federal lands and reserves.

The 2018 edition of the BC Building Code references the National Energy Code for Buildings 2015, and the ANSI/ASHRAE 90.1-2016 “Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings”. This code was adopted in July 2018 and entered into force in December 2018.

A relaxation to ASHRAE 90.1 was incorporated in the BCBC 2018, for Subsection 8.4.2. of ASHRAE 90.1-2016. The requirement to comply with Subsection 8.4.2. of the ASHRAE 90.1 standard, regarding automatic receptacle control for 50% of receptacles in most spaces, and 25% branch feeders for modular furniture that are not part of the construction documents. Clause 10.2.2.1.(1)(a) is amended to reduce compliance costs for buildings, where compliance may be costly and defeated very easily (e.g. using power bars plugged into uncontrolled outlets).

Stretch or Step Codes
The BC Building Code was amended in April 2017 to include the BC Energy Step Code, which presents progressive targets for energy efficiency performance in new buildings. Municipalities can write by-laws or implement policies and programs that require new buildings in one of their municipalities to be constructed to one of the steps in the BC Energy Step Code. There are four steps for large buildings, and five steps for houses and small buildings. Every step is evaluated using the same tests and metrics.

The BC Energy Step Code was revised in December 2018 to:

  • Facilitate BC Energy Step Code compliance for smaller buildings and in colder climates;
  • Address issues where large single-family dwellings could comply with Steps 2 or 3 without an improvement over the base BCBC;
  • Remove Peak Thermal Load as a compliance path for the BC Energy Step Code;
  • Facilitate compliance with the BC Energy Step Code where cooling is intended for the building;
  • Enable airtightness compliance with the BC Energy Step Code through the EnerGuide Rating System;
  • Enable the BC Energy Step Code as a compliance path for Part 3 buildings outside of Climate Zone 4;
  • Create new BC Energy Step Code targets for Hotels and Motels, and for Offices;
  • Revise air leakage rates for Part 3 buildings complying with the BC Energy Step Code at the design stage in energy models;
  • Clarification on the use of the City of Vancouver Energy Modelling Guidelines (CoV EMG) where it conflicts with the National Energy Code for Buildings (NECB) for compliance with the BC Energy Step Code;
  • A new requirement to report on the floor area of conditioned space for BC Energy Step Code buildings on house performance compliance calculation reports; and
  • A clarification for Part 3 buildings that BC Energy Step Code recording requirements apply both at the pre-construction and pre-occupancy stage.

Building Code changes taking effect Dec 12, 2019 include

  • Removal of restrictions on the size and construction of secondary suites, which could promote densification and housing affordability
  • Allowance of 12-storey wood buildings, an increase from the previous 6 storey limit, which enables the use of sustainable building materials

Net-zero energy ready commitment
BC has committed to mandate a net-zero energy ready standard for new buildings by 2032. The final steps in the BC Energy Step Code meet the net-zero energy ready standard.

Last reviewed: December 2019

Manitoba

Housing and Small Buildings
The Manitoba Building Code is adopted as regulation 31/2011 under the Buildings and Mobile Homes Act. Section 9.36 applies of the Manitoba Code applies to houses and smaller buildings and follows the 2012 National Building Code’s provisions for energy efficiency. The energy efficiency provisions came into force on April 1, 2016.

Large Buildings
The Manitoba Energy Code for Buildings (MECB) was created through regulation 213/2013 under the Buildings and Mobile Homes Act. It applies to “larger buildings” (greater than 600 square meters of floor area). The MECB follows the 2011 National Energy Code of Canada. This code became effective on December 1, 2014.

Stretch or Step Codes
No stretch or step codes have been adopted in Manitoba. 

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No formal commitment to adopt net-zero energy ready building codes.

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

Housing and Small Buildings
New Brunswick has not adopted any energy efficiency regulations for energy efficiency in housing and small buildings.

Regulation 2014-108 to the Metric Conversion Act, which affects building by-laws for municipalities under the Communities Planning Act, adopted the 2010 National Building Code of Canada, coming into force on January 1, 2015. Yet this regulation did not include the 2012 revision to the 2010 National Building Code related to energy efficiency in housing and small buildings.

Large Buildings
New Brunswick has not adopted a version of the National Energy Code for Buildings or enacted specific energy efficiency requirements for large buildings.

Stretch or Step Codes
No stretch or step code. 

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No formal commitment to a net-zero energy ready standard.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

Housing and Small Buildings
The Province’s Municipalities Act requires municipal councils to adopt “the National Building Code of Canada and supplements or amendments to that Code” (Section 414 (3)). This would include the 2015 NBC revisions.  There is no provincial building code.

Large Buildings
There is no provincial building code in the Province, though the Municipalities Act requires municipal councils to adopt the National Building Code and subsequent amendments to the code when making regulations pertaining to buildings.

Stretch or Step Codes
The Municipalities Act (Sect 414 (3)) allows municipal councils to adopt standards that exceed the requirements of the National Building Code of Canada, plus supplements and amendments. The province has not provided performance criteria, or a formal program, for a stretch or step code.

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No commitment to net-zero energy ready codes.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

Housing and Small Buildings
Nova Scotia Regulation 26/2017 to the Building Code Act made on March 1, 2017 adopted the 2015 National Building Code, effective April 1, 2017. This includes section 9.36 regulating energy efficiency in housing and small buildings. 

Large Buildings
Nova Scotia Regulation 26/2017 to the Building Code Act made on March 1, 2017 adopted the 2015 National Energy Code of Canada for Buildings.

Stretch or Step Codes
No stretch or step codes.  

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No commitment to a net-zero energy ready provision in Nova Scotia.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Northwest Territories

Housing and Small Buildings
Amendment R-103-2016 was made on August 15th, 2016 to the Fire Prevention Act adopting 2015 National Building Code, and coming into force on November 15, 2016. This includes section 9.36 concerning energy efficiency in houses and small buildings.

The City of Yellowknife had adopted an Energuide 80 standard, yet removed this in June 2018 after the federal government changed the Energuide rating system. In September 2019, a new by-law adopts standards 25% higher than the 2015 National Building Code.[1]

Large Buildings
The Northwest Territories has not adopted a National Energy Code for Buildings or implemented specific criteria for energy efficiency in large buildings.

The City of Yellowknife adopted the 2017 National Energy Code for Buildings in September 2019.[2]

Stretch or Step Codes
No stretch of step codes.

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No net-zero energy ready committment.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

Housing and Small Buildings
Nunavut adopted the 2015 National Building Code through regulation R-009-2018 made under the Building Code Act. The code was adopted on March 29, 2018 and in force September 1, 2018. This includes section 9.36 related to energy efficiency in homes and small buildings.

Large Buildings
The territory has not adopted a version of the National Energy Code for Buildings or implemented specific energy efficiency provisions for large buildings.

Note that there might be very few multi-story buildings in the territory.

Stretch or Step Codes
No stretch or step code.

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No commitment to net-zero energy ready codes.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

Housing and Small Buildings
The last energy efficiency related update to the Ontario Building Code (regulation under the Building Code Act) related to energy efficiency in housing, known as Supplementary Standard SB-12, came into force on July 7, 2016.

Ontario’s code for low-rise housing is stated to achieve a 15% improvements over previous versions of the code that required a level of efficiency equivalent to an 80 on the EnerGuide scale. The code also allows compliance based on Energy Star v12.1 and R2000 (2012) standards.

To compare against model national codes, the National Research Council of Canada states that the 2012 amendments to the National Building Code is consistent with an Energuide rating “slightly better than 78”, on average.

Large Buildings
The last energy efficiency related update to the Ontario Building Code (regulation under the Building Code Act), known as Supplementary Standard SB-10, related to non-residential buildings was made on December 22, 2016 and came into force on January 1, 2017. Compliance paths under the code are based on ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2013, the 2015 National Energy Code for Buildings, and ASHRAE Standard 189.1-2014 related to “green buildings”.

These requirements are stated to achieve, on average, a 13% improvement over the previous code which is stated to be roughly equivalent to Canada’s National Energy Code for Buildings 2011.

To compare against model national codes, software modeling of the National Energy Code for Buildings 2017 standard indicates energy efficiency improvements 10.3% to 14.4% over the NECB 2011.

Stretch or Step Codes
No commitment to a stretch or step code.

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No formal commitment to net-zero energy ready standard.

Ontario’s Five Year Climate Change Action Plan 2016-2020 stated that the government intended to update the building code with “long-term energy efficiency targets for new net zero carbon emission small buildings that will come into effect by 2030 at the latest." However, this commitment has not been renewed by the new government’s Environment Plan.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Prince Edward Island

Housing and Small Buildings
The Building Code Act received Royal Assent in May 2017. This Act enables the government to make regulations that enforce adopt and enforce a specific edition of the National Building Code and National Energy Code of Canada (section 32(a)(a). This enables the province-wide adoption of a building code, while prior to this no building code existed in rural areas of the province while the municipalities of Charlottetown, Summerside and Stratford adopted the 2010 National Building Codes.

The PEI Energy Strategy 2016/2017 plans to adopt the National Building Code and the National Energy Code for Building (2015). Media reports indicate that new codes will be adopted for residential construction over a two year phase-in period.

Large Buildings
The Building Code Act received Royal Assent in May 2017. This Act enables the government to make regulations that adopt and enforce a specific edition of the National Building Code and National Energy Code of Canada (section 32(a)(a).

The PEI Energy Strategy 2016/2017 plans to adopt the 2015 National Energy Code for Building 2015. Media reports indicate that new codes will be phased in for commercial construction.

Stretch or Step Codes 
No formal adoption of a stretch or step code. 

The PEI Energy Strategy 2016/2017 discusses establishing a stretch code that would track the 5-year updates to national building codes.

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No commitment to net-zero energy ready codes.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

Housing and Small Buildings
The last update to energy efficiency in the Quebec Construction code for small residential buildings was in 2012, by adding part 11 to Chapter 1. These energy efficiency requirements are not the same as section 9.36 on energy efficiency in the model national building code. The regulatory provisions are largely inspired by the first version of the Novoclimat program in Quebec.

The transition énergétique Quebec 2018-2023 Master Plan plans to boost the energy efficiency requirements for residential buildings. By 2021-22, the plan aims to improve the existing 2012 regulations governing small and multi-unit residential buildings.

Large Buildings
The last requirements for energy efficiency in new buildings was published in 1983.

The transition énergétique Quebec 2018-2023 Master Plan plans to boost the energy efficiency requirements for commercial, institutional, and large residential buildings by adopting the 2015 National Energy Code for buildings, with relevant Québec changes by 2019/20, through regulations incorporated into the Québec Construction Code. The Master Plan also calls for enabling an update to the code every five years.

In the summer of 2019 Quebec launched a consultation on updating the building code.

Stretch or Step Codes
No stretch or step code has been published or adopted.

The transition énergétique Quebec 2018-2023 Master Plan states that Québec will publish a “voluntary standard” called The Québec Energy Code for Buildings in 2021/22 that will exceed the minimum energy code. This voluntary code will then be adopted for residential and commercial/institutional buildings in 2023/28.

Net-zero energy ready commitment
The TEQ Master Plan notes that any adoption of a net zero energy ready building code in Québec will consider the province’s context as a “green electricity” consumer.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

Housing and Small Buildings
Regulation 128/2017 to the Uniform Building and Accessibility Standards Act adopted section 9.36 of the 2015 National Building Code of Canada, relating to energy efficiency in homes and small buildings. These standards came into force on January 1, 2019. 

Large Buildings
 Regulation 93/2018 to the Uniform Building and Accessibility Standards Act adopted the 2017 National Energy Code of Canada for Buildings, coming into force on January 1, 2019. 

Stretch or Step Codes
No stretch or step codes.

The Uniform Building and Accessibility Standards Regulation states that future editions of the National Building Code of Canada will be adopted one year after being issued (Part II, Section 4(a)) 

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No commitment to net-zero energy ready codes.

A “What we Heard” consultation document from April 23, 2018 on the government’s climate strategy noted tracking the number and percentage of net-zero ready buildings in the province.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

Housing and Small Buildings
Yukon adopted the 2015 National Building Code, including energy efficiency provisions related to section 9.36 with some modification, through a regulation to the Building Standards Act made on April 1, 2016. The 2015 National Building Code came into force on April 1, 2017.

The City of Whitehorse regulates new construction under its Building and Plumbing Bylaw. Requirements under this bylaw include thermal insulation values of R28 walls, R60 attics, and a maximum of 1.5 air changes per house (@ 50 Pa), heat recovery ventilator systems shall be done by a certified Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Institute of Canada designer. The exceptions are residential accessory buildings and cold storage buildings.

Large Buildings
Yukon has not adopted any version of the National Energy Code for Buildings or other energy efficiency standards for large buildings.

The City of Whitehorse’s Building and Plumbing Bylaw (section 86(3)) requires all commercial construction to “adhere to the current edition of the National Building Code or the National Energy Code”. This means the 2017 National Energy Code for Building is enforced within Whitehorse.

Stretch or Step Codes
No formal adoption of a stretch or step code across the Territory. Yet the City of Whitehorse, where 3/4th of the territories population lives, has adopted a much more stringent building code under its Building and Plumbing Bylaw that applies to both large and small buildings. Requirements under this bylaw include thermal insulation values of R28 walls, R60 attics, and a maximum of 1.5 air changes per house (@ 50 Pa), heat recovery ventilator systems shall be done by a certified Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Institute of Canada designer. The exceptions are residential accessory buildings and cold storage buildings.

Net-zero energy ready commitment
No commitment to net-zero energy ready codes.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Building Code Compliance

Building energy codes only save energy if builders comply with them. Creating a robust policy framework for code compliance can also help build capacity for more stringent energy codes in the future.

Alberta

No compliance studies were identifed in Alberta. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

British Columbia

The province and BC Hydro conducted a compliance study in 2015. The study surveyed building officials and building professionals, and estimated a 60% compliance rate, and a 79% compliance rate amongst the buildings that the respondents were engaged with.

British Columbia was also able to provide evidence of dedicated resources for energy code compliance. The provincial government estimated that 40% of a staff member’s time was dedicated to energy code compliance. Utility involvement is also enabled through the requirement for utilities to spend a minimum of 1% of their budgets on codes and standards, through the Demand Side Measures Regulation. BC Hydro estimated that approximately $400,000 of their $4.8 million budget for codes and standards relates to compliance activities.

In addition, British Columbia has activity in all compliance categories. These activities were largely related to the policy framework and engagement around the Energy Step Code. Relevant activities include:

Training and Technical Assistance

  • Provincial energy coaches to support local government compliance efforts.
  • In-person and on-line courses through Energy Foundations Program with Building Officials of British Columbia
  • Energy Step Code Handbook for Building Officials

Utility Involvement

  • Technical support for Energy Step Code Council subcommittee
  • BC Hydro co-funding local government building officials with energy code compliance workplans

Compliance Tools

  • Building Energy Requirements Tool enables easier compliance review for permitting by Areas Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)

Stakeholder Group or Collaborative

  • The BC Energy Step Code Council includes a “Compliance and Energy Advisor Subcommittee”

Gap Analysis

Competency framework and gap analysis developed through the Energy Foundations Program

Last reviewed: August 2019

Manitoba

A number of Manitoba Hydro technical and program staff participated in meetings led by the Office of the Fire Commissioner (OFC) with the larger Authority Having Jurisdictions (AHJs) to discuss the energy code adoption and consistent application of the code. This group met in the period around 2015 and 2016.  Manitoba Hydro staff also met with the City of Winnipeg and the OFC to provide technical assistance with the auditing of six projects in total. The in-kind support provided feedback on the information to be reviewed and information the AHJ should be asking industry to provide.

A number of Manitoba Hydro staff have also provided code specific presentations to local industry associations and postsecondary educational institutions.

Both the New Buildings Program’s Energy Modelling Assistance Incentive and the New Homes Program's Performance Path stream, energy modelling rebate, and design assistance have grown the energy modelling activities within the province which has directly affected the quality of code submissions to the AHJs.

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

No compliance activities identified.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

There have been no code compliance studies conducted in the province, though the province has develoepd two publicly available training guides: Guide to Building Energy Efficient Homes and Small Buildings – 2016, and Guide to Better Building Envelopes for Large Buildings – 2016.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

No code compliance studies have been completed in Nova Scotia.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Northwest Territories

No code compliance activities identified. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

No code compliance activities identified. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

Little information on code compliance activities is available. The buildings codes have traditionally been designed through stakeholder collaboration, which helps facilitate awareness of codes amongst multiple actors. For instance, as part of this process there are meetings with the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing (Building and Development Branch) with organizations that represent municipal building officials.

On Sept 24, 2019 the Ontario government has proposed the creation of an administrative authority that would provide building code administration and enforcement services. This would include allowing use of administrative penalties to help municipalities address non-compliance, enabling smaller jurisdictions to enter into an agreement with the administrative authority to deliver full or partial building services on their behalf, and provide an active enforcement approach in unincorporated areas.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Prince Edward Island

No activities identified. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

No activities identified. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan developed a Guide to Implementation of NECB 2017 which includes tools such as a compliance checklist.  Training sessions were also conducted through the Saskatchewan Building Officials Association, the Building Standards and Licensing Branch of the Ministry of Government Relations, and the Canada Green Building Council, and SaskEnergy took part in a provincial committee on codes and code compliance.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

No code compliance activities identified.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Home Energy Rating and Disclosure

Energy ratings and disclosure make building energy performance visible and can help drive a market for efficiency upgrades and improved building operations.  This section covers rating and disclosure policy for residential structures. 

Alberta

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: Yes

Through the Change Homes for Climate initiative, launched in 2017, the City of Edmonton and Energy Efficiency Alberta provide $400 against the cost of an energy evaluation when results are shared online, plus additional incentives to support renovations, as part of the Home Energy Plan program. Edmonton City Council supported developing a new and existing home energy labeling program in the June 2012 Green Building Plan.

Last reviewed: August 2019

British Columbia

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No (under consideration)
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: Yes

The Clean BC Climate Action Plan states that the province is exploring energy rating requirements “at the point of sale or lease”. The plan discusses stakeholder consultation and the goal of making energy rating requirements “as simple and inexpensive at possible”.

Rateourhome.ca is a pilot project that allows residents of Metro Vancouver to voluntarily display EnerGuide ratings online on a home energy map. The campaign is funded by the Homeowner Protection Office and Metro Vancouver and by Natural Resources Canada through the Energy Star for New Homes Program.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Manitoba

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No

Manitoba Hydro provides an EnerGuide label for all energy efficient new homes built under the Performance Path of its New Homes Program.

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No

The 2016 Climate Action Plan, Transitioning to a Low-Carbon Economy, stated that the government would “if viable, require energy labeling for all new building construction, both residential and commercial”.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: Yes 

Home sellers can upload their EnerGuide label onto the Viewpoint real estate listing website. This project received funding from the Government of Canada and is a joint venture between Efficiency Nova Scotia, the province, Nova Scotia Association of Realtors, and Viewpoint.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Northwest Territories

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No

The 2007 Nunavut Energy Strategy calls for introducing Energy Star labels for New Buildings.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: Yes (experience with a pilot project) 

Ontario previously enabled mandatory disclosure of energy information prior to the sale of a home under the Green Energy Act, 2009 by creating a right to receive the information, however, the provision was never proclaimed into force. The provision was not reintroduced with the repeal of the Green Energy Act, 2009 in 2018. 

The 2012-2014 Enbridge Gas demand side management plan included a “Home labelling” market transformation program, marketed at “Know Your Energy Score”. The program was successful in meeting targets for realtor commitments, but not for actual home listings with energy ratings. The Ontario Energy Board’s decision regarding the 2015-2020 DSM plan did not approve continuation of a home rating program. The OEB recognized the merit of the program, and suggested it should also include electricity savings – recommending that gas utilities work with the Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) and the Ministry of Energy to deliver a program.

The Ontario Environment Plan, released in November 2018, states an intention to “work with the Ontario Real Estate Association to encourage the voluntary display of home energy efficiency information on real estate listings to better inform buyers and encourage energy-efficiency measures.”

Last reviewed: August 2019

Prince Edward Island

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No

The 2017 PEI Energy Strategy lists an action item to “implement mandatory building labeling for the residential sector when homes are listed for sale”, and to “examine the feasibility of a mandatory commercial/institutional building energy reporting system, or a voluntary one led by government buildings”.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No 

The TEQ Master Plan includes a road map to eventually implement a compulsory energy efficiency rating system for new buildings and upon the resale of single-family homes. The roadmap calls for forming a working group on mandatory energy ratings in 2018/19, launching a pilot project in at least one city in 2021/22, and mandatory ratings by 2023/28.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: No
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No

The December 2017 Climate Change Strategy states that the government will “explore options to label buildings for energy performance”.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

Mandatory home energy rating and disclosure: Yes (new homes in Whitehorse)
Home energy labelling voluntary or pilot program: No 

The City of Whitehorse Building and Plumbing Bylaw requires an EnerGuide rating system label on all new homes, as of April 1, 2014.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Building Energy Rating and Disclosure

Energy ratings and disclosure make building energy performance visible and can help drive a market for efficiency upgrades and improved building operations.  This section covers rating and disclosure policy for commercial, institutional, and multi-unit residential buildings. 

Alberta

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: Yes

Alberta’s Municipal Climate Change Action Centre, which is funded by the Government of Alberta and Energy Efficiency Alberta, established a voluntary building-benchmarking program for municipal buildings.

The City of Edmonton has launched a Building Energy Benchmarking Program, for owners and operators of large buildings (both residential and commercial with over 20,000 square feet). Participants who opt-in receive technical support, customized building benchmarking reports, tenant education workshops and access to financial incentives (up to $10,000/building) to help offset the costs of an energy audit. The program uses ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager online services.

Last reviewed: August 2019

British Columbia

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: Yes

BC Hydro has an energy benchmarking program for commercial and residential properties with at least 20 units, using the Energy Star Portfolio Manager Web Service.

BC Hydro operates Energy Management Assessment workshops in the province. Targeting large properties, these are diagnostic workshops for senior building managers and produce a detailed report on energy management opportunities for an organization. BC Hydro collaborates with energy managers to provide the resources needed to implement recommendations of the report and to develop implementation action plans. This program benchmarks facilities within the same industry and provides an annual review to track progress for the organization.

Some municipalities require mandatory energy and GHG reporting for new buildings.  For instance, the City of Vancouver and municipalities using the BC Energy Step Code require new buildings to upload basic building information and estimated energy and GHG emissions into Energy Star Portfolio Manager.

The Clean BC Climate Action Plan states that the province is exploring energy rating requirements “at the point of sale or lease”. The plan discusses stakeholder consultation and the goal of making energy rating requirements “as simple and inexpensive at possible”.  This includes requirements for larger buildings.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Manitoba

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: Yes

Manitoba Hydro offers a free service to automatically upload energy consumption data to Energy Star Portfolio manager, for those who opt in.

EnerTrend is a subscription-based service through Manitoba Hydro that creates energy profiles for large industrial and commercial operations. This service creates a building profile and identifies cost-saving measures.

Manitoba Hydro offers free energy efficiency screening studies for commercial buildings. These studies identify energy efficiency opportunities, but also benchmark building consumption to industry averages to encourage savings.

In Manitoba’s 2013 Green Buildings Program, regular energy and water use tracking for government buildings is mandated. In order to help government buildings reach this goal, the Government of Manitoba recommends participation with NRCan’s ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager benchmarking tool.

In 2011, the Winnipeg City Council introduced measures mandating the energy and water performance benchmarking of city-owned buildings of over 3,000 m2. The City of Winnipeg also employs the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager Tool for benchmarking.

Manitoba Race to Reduce is a corporate challenge to reduce total energy use by 10% in participating commercial buildings

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: No

The 2016 Climate Action Plan, Transitioning to a Low-Carbon Economy, stated that the government would “require energy performance identification for all publicly funded new construction and major building renovations”.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: No

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: No (planned) 

The province, along with ENS and CaGBC, have announced a voluntary energy benchmarking program in September 2018, which may be launched in the fall of 2019.  Funding from NRCan’s benchmarking program will support this program.

Efficiency Nova Scotia’s Onsite Energy Management program includes benchmarking participatory organization’s energy use against similar organizations.

The NS Department of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal is using Energy Star Portfolio Manager to benchmark nearly 80 department owned buildings as part of the Energy Conservation Program. This benchmarking initiative is associated with a building recommissioning project.

Last reviewed: November 2019

Northwest Territories

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: No

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: No

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: Yes

Ontario requires annual reporting on water and energy use for commercial, industrial, and multi-residential buildings with more than 10 units and buildings that are 50,000 square ft or larger, with some exemptions. Data must be verified in the first year and every five years and reported through Energy Star Portfolio Manager. July 1, 2018 is the first reporting period for commercial and industrial buildings 250,000 and larger (not including residential buildings), and July 1, 2019 for buildings 100,000 square feet and larger (including multi-unit residential buildings). July 1, 2020 will be the deadline for reporting for buildings that are 50,000 square feet or larger (in the required categories).

The policy is enacted under Ontario Regulation 506/18 under the Electricity Act, 1998.1  It was originally instituted under Ontario Regulation 20/17 under the Green Energy Act, 2009 and was re-enacted after the Green Energy Repeal Act, 2018 passed.

An amendment to O.Reg 506/18, posted on October 28, 2019, proposes to stop the further rollout of the program to buildings under 100,000 square feet (proposal number 19-ENDM010).

Last reviewed: November 2019

Prince Edward Island

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: No

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: Yes

The Building Energy Challenge (Défi-Énergie en immobilier) is a program for commercial and institutional buildings to voluntarily disclose energy-use data to competitors. It is a 4-year competition, launched in May 2018. The program is coordinated by BOMA Québec and supported by the City of Montreal, Transition énergétique Québec, Énergir and Hydro-Québec. Reported data is not made public, but the next iteration of the program plans to require public disclosure.

The Transition énergétique Québec calls for making the disclosure of commercial and institutional building use data mandatory in the 2023/28 timeframe. It also foresees making government buildings energy data disclosure mandatory by 2023.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: No

The City of Regina participates in the Municipal Benchmarking Network of Canada, which collects data on the energy use of municipal headquarter buildings from participants.

Some buildings in Saskatchewan have voluntarily participated in building benchmarking through Natural Resources Canada using ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. As of 2016, there were 275 benchmarked buildings in Saskatchewan, covering 1,250,000 m2.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

Mandatory large building energy rating and disclosure: No
Voluntary building benchmarking and transparency program: No

Last reviewed: August 2019

Appliance and Equipment Market Transformation

. Market transformation can be supported by activities such as product demonstrations, training and education of supply chain actors, and customer education through such devices as product labels

Alberta

No market or equipment market transformation activities identified. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

British Columbia

The “Demand Side Measures Regulation” (BC Reg 117/2017) to the Utilities Commission Act requires a minimum of 1% of a utility’s energy efficiency budget (or $2 M per year) is reserved for “specified demand-side measures” which include measures that support development of, and compliance with, government codes and standards.

The High Performance Window Certification Program received $500,000 in funding in April 2017 from the province’s Innovative Clean Energy (ICE) Fund. This program offers incentives to manufacturers that complete the design, prototype manufacturing, and certification that meet Energy Star Most Efficient or Passive House Institute certification.

Product Development and R&D
Province in May 2019 launched a Building Innovation Fund, which provides funding for projects and programs that accelerate the availability, acceptability and affordability of low-carbon building solutions including advanced building designs, new construction methods, and ultra-efficient building components. It has $1.8M for F19.

Lab, Field Testing, and Demonstration
The Province co-funded field studies of heat pump water heaters, which was completed in 2018; cold climate heat pumps, currently underway; and heat pump installation practices, also in 2018.

Information, Awareness, and Training
CleanBC offers financial incentives to households for high efficiency windows, doors, insulation, gas fired equipment and for fuel switching to a high efficiency electric heat pumps (for space and/or water heating).  The financial incentives are aligned with the BC Hydro and FortisBC Home Renovation Rebate Program.  This program includes funding for installer training and education as well as support for equipment labelling and awareness.

Utility involvement / Upstream Program Strategies
The BC Demand Side Measures Regulation requires that a minimum of 1% of fa utility’s energy efficiency budget be reserved specifically for codes and standards.  Through its codes and standards work, BC Hydro seeks to address the availability, awareness, acceptance barriers that are holding back the development of new energy efficiency codes and standards, and the adoption of more energy efficient building practices and products.

Specific activities include:

  • Providing technical and financial support to governments and standard developing organizations for the development and identification of comprehensive and effective energy efficiency standards, regulations, codes and other government policy instruments.
  • Building stakeholder support with other Canadian and U.S. utilities (e.g., in the Pacific Northwest) for changes to codes and standards.
  • Supporting trade allies and building officials in their compliance with codes and standards via training and education for industry.
  • Supporting governments in their compliance checking / enforcement of codes and regulations by providing market intelligence on energy efficient equipment stocking and building construction practices as well as co-funding support for code compliance enhancement efforts with all three levels of government.

FortisBC also invests in quality installation and contractor training to ensure newly installed high efficiency equipment is performing to its claimed efficiency levels. FortisBC invests to support nascent technologies and transition them from pilots to customer programs. The Codes and Standards support for regulatory bodies in the province ensures FortisBC’s commitment to advancing minimum efficiency standards for natural gas space and water heating and other building improvements.

Codes and Standards
The CleanBC strategy includes consideration of the following standards to align with the federal government and other leading jurisdictions:

  • high efficiency boiler standards (condensing technology) and residential window standards (30% more efficient) by 2022,
  • high efficiency water heating standards (condensing technology) by 2025, and
  • highest efficiency space and water heating standards (heat pump technology), and residential window standards (55% more efficient) by 2035

Last reviewed: August 2019

Manitoba

Laboratory and Field Testing
Manitoba Hydro monitored 3 CC ASHP (air source heat pump) installations over a 2-year period. The study is currently being compiled into a report. The initial findings were presented at a Natural Resources Canada seminar “All About Heat Pumps” in December 2016. 

Manitoba Hydro also undertook a field test of 3 heat pump water heaters. Two of the units were removed before the field test was completed. One unit was monitored for a year.

Demonstration Projects
Manitoba Hydro has supported biomass demonstration projects through the Bioenergy Optimization Program.

Training on new technologies and equipment installation
Manitoba Hydro hosted a recent educational session offered to members of the architectural community in Manitoba. The presentation focused on commercial window opportunities in the commercial retrofit market, while identifying and reinforcing the benefits of high performance building envelope upgrades, particularly, how these upgrades contribute to overall cost-effectiveness by reducing energy consumption and operating costs and improving thermal comfort of the building.

The session hosted approximately 25 industry professionals and resulted in requests for future presentations. Architects are a critical program stakeholder as they are influencers in customers’ decision making process at the design stage, as many building envelope upgrades involve structural modifications requiring the expertise of a registered architect. This group serves as a strong advocate, reinforcing the benefits and designing buildings with energy efficiency in mind.

Development of codes and standards
Manitoba Hydro contributes $200,000 annually to SCOPEER to support the development of CSA standards. Manitoba Hydro technical staff actively participate on SCOPEER and CSA standards committees

One of Manitoba Hydro’s technical staff is a member of the National Energy Code for Buildings Building Envelope Task group, a group whose responsibilities include the development of thermal performance (energy efficiency) requirements for windows.

Manitoba Hydro has collaborated with Fenestration Manitoba (window and door industry association) to clearly state the Manitoba industry position on the proposed federal window and door regulations. Manitoba Hydro has a representative on the Energy Efficient Fenestration Steering Committee which is responsible for the development of the federal window regulations.

There have been informal discussions with representatives of Manitoba Hydro, Fenestration Manitoba and Manitoba Sustainable Development regarding window regulations for Manitoba.

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

New Brunswick has legislation to maintain a level of efficiency for products and appliances that effect the use of energy.

The New Brunswick Innovation Fund has provided support for a energy storage heat pump pilot project in PEI.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

The Province released a Market Transformation Framework (MTF) in 2015, which included commitments relating to product standards.

In ‘The Way Forward on Climate Change’, the Province committed to work with the Federal Government to improve the energy efficiency on product standards and codes.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

Efficiency Nova Scotia Demand Side Management plans have included investments in “enabling strategies” which include advocacy and support for adoption of energy efficiency standards within provincial and federal regulations. EfficiencyOne also evaluates impacts to the NS market from codes and standards (both Provincially and Federally-driven) on an annual basis.

Nova Scotia has conducted field studies on cold climate heat pump and heat pump water heaters in partnership with Natural Resources Canada, Efficiency Nova Scotia, and Nova Scotia Power.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Northwest Territories

The 2018 market transformation road map notes that increased adoption of biomass and renewable heating sources could be attractive alternatives to technologies such as cold climate heat pumps in remote and northern communities.

The Arctic Energy Alliance’s Biomass Energy Program provides technical advice, project coordination, and education on biomass technologies, including district heating in local communities. Burn it Smart workshops familiarize people with energy efficiency wood stoves and their operation.

Arctic Energy Alliance tested water heating technologies with students at Aurora College to assess efficiency, lifecycle costs, budgets, and domestic needs.

In 2013, the Arctic Energy Alliance monitored the performance of solar air heating systems.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

No market or equipment market transformation activities identified. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

Lab, Field Testing, and Demonstration
The LDC Innovation Fund has supported pilot programs in residential space and water heating.

Toronto and Region Conservation Authority Sustainable Technology Evaluation Program has supported heat pump demonstrations.

IESO (Grid Innovation Fund) supported National Research Council’s High Performance Buildings Program to de-risk emerging technologies for Commercial-Institutional buildings, particularly development/demonstrations of technologies such as Vaccuum Insulated Panels, electrochromatic glazing.

Information and Awareness
Guide to measuring and verifying the energy savings from heat pump retrofits supported through the IESO Grid Innovation Fund.

Efficiency potential of converting electrically heated multi-unit family buildings to heat pumps, supported through IESO Grid Innovation Fund.

Utility Involvement and Upstream Program Strategies
The IESO issued a report to the Ministry of Energy in March 2017 examining the market opportunities, barriers, and next steps for greater market adoption of residential heat pumps in Ontario.

Natural gas utility (Enbridge) market transformation program works with builders and developers to exceed building code requirements at design stage.

Codes and Standards
Ontario standards regulations includes commercial hot water gas-fired boilers

Products outside of federal regulations with Ontario standards include specific gas and electric water heaters, space heating equipment such as commercial hot water gas fired boilers, residential windows and thermostats

Ontario has standards more stringent than federal government for geothermal liquid-to-air heat pumps, internal water loop heat pumps, and single package vertical air conditioners and heat pumps

Last reviewed: August 2019

Prince Edward Island

PEI’s Energy Strategy 2016/17 notes monitoring appliance standards approved in the United States, and other provinces, to reduce the lag time associated with harmonization.

Summerside Electric has supported an energy storage heat pump pilot project

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

Lab and Field Tests
Énergir Innovation efficace program supports demonstration projects for efficient natural gas technologies

Training
Énergir support for training and certification in high-efficiency natural gas equipment

Utility Involvement
Hydro Québec market transformation programs targeting wall-mounted electronic thermostats for baseboard heaters (2004-2013)

Codes and Standards
TEQ Master Plan announces initiatives to regulate products outside federal jurisdiction, including windows and doors

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

No market or equipment market transformation activities identified.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

The Yukon government has provided support for cold-climate heat pump monitoring project (see Yukon, Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Update, Jan 2016-June 2018, p. 10.)

Last reviewed: August 2019

Appliance and Equipment Standards

Federal standards apply to products that are imported or shipped between provinces, and provinces have jurisdiction over products sold within their borders. Provinces can contribute to appliance and equipment efficiency by setting standards for products not covered by federal regulations, and they can adopt more stringent standards than the federal government.

Alberta

Alberta harmonizes with federal energy efficiency regulations.

Last reviewed: August 2019

British Columbia

BC regulates appliance and equipment under the Energy Efficiency Standards Regulation (EESR) (BC Reg 14/2015) under the Energy Efficiency Act.

Recent changes under B.C. Reg 29/2018, deposited on March 6, 2018, added new and updated standards for gas fireplaces, residential heat pumps, general service lighting, fenestration and consumer electronic products. Since 2006 BC has regulated several products, including commercial boilers, fluorescent ballasts, line voltage thermostats, water heaters, windows, doors, and skylights, clothes washers and dishwashers, and small battery charging systems.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Manitoba

Manitoba harmonizes with federal energy efficiency regulations, except for gas furnaces and boilers. Manitoba’s specific standards were made via regulation 181/2009 under The Energy Act, in force December 30, 2009. At the time, these standards were higher than federal minimum standards.

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

New Brunswick regulates appliances and equipment through regulation 95-70 under the Energy Efficiency Act. The Government of New Brunswick’s website states that minimum levels of appliances and equipment will be upgraded on a two year cycle.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador harmonizes with federal appliance and equipment regulations.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia regulates the efficiency of appliances and equipment under section 5 of the Energy-efficient Appliances Act. Updates were made in 2008 under NS Reg 400/2008, and in 2012 under NS Reg 172/2012 to create efficiency standards for LED roadway lighting.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Northwest Territories

Northwest Territories harmonizes with federally regulated energy-using products.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

Nunavut harmonizes with federally regulated energy-using products.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

Ontario has been regulating the energy efficiency of products and appliances for 30 years and was the first jurisdiction in Canada to implement efficiency regulation. The regulation also sets water efficiency standards for products which consume both energy and water. Ontario regulates over 80 products, more products than any other jurisdiction in Canada (including the federal government).

Many of Ontario’s regulatory policies, such as as "rolling incorporation", "early compliance" and "equivalent testing standards" have been considered for adoption by other provincial and federal regulations.

Ontario sets minimum standards for energy and water efficiency for appliances and products sold in Ontario under O.Reg. 509/18 under the Electricity Act, 1998, which came into force on January 1, 2019. This new regulation replicated requirements under the previous O.Reg. 404/12 under the Green Energy Act, 2009, which was repealed.

The November 29, 2018 Environment Plan committed to “ensure Ontario’s energy efficiency standards for appliances and equipment continue to be among the highest in North America”.

Since 2013, Ontario has updated its efficiency regulation 8 times setting and adopting new and enhanced efficiency standards for over 60 products. Most updates had the intent to harmonize standards with US Department of Energy regulations and with proposed amendments to federal regulations. The most recent updates are:

Regulatory Amendment Date of Amendment Environmental Registry # Key Implications
 O. Reg. 419/16

 

 

Filed - December 2, 2016,

In force, January 1, 2017

 

012-7871

 

Included new or enhanced efficiency standards for 14 products, including water efficiency requirements for 5 products, and revoked standards for one existing product

 

O. Reg. 448/17

 

Filed – Nov 24, 2017

 

In force - Jan 1, 2018

 

013-0812

 

Included new or enhanced efficiency standards for 12 products, including updates to the testing standard and/or energy efficiency requirements for 10 existing products and introducing requirements for 2 new products

 

Proposal Proposed Feb 5, 2019 013-4675

 

 

 

Update labeling requirements for two products

 

Allow alternative efficiency metrics for four existing products

 

Exclude ultra-high definition (UHD) 8K televisions from television on-mode requirements.

 

Exempt medium voltage dry-type distribution transformers used in mining applications from energy efficiency requirements, aligning with U.S. DOE’s; 10 Code of Federal Regulations (DOE Regulation).

 

Regulated Products not covered by federal regulations
Products are not covered by federal regulations if they are manufactured and sold within the province, or if there is no federal standard. Within the last 5 years (Jan 1, 2014 to Dec 31, 2019) the following products not covered by federal regulation were regulated by Ontario:

Residential and Commercial appliances:

  • Gas-fired clothes dryer
  • Drinking water cooler
  • Microwave*
  • Walk-in cooler / freezer*

Water heating products:

  • Gas water heater, storage, commercial
  • Gas water heater, instantaneous, residential and commercial
  • Electric water heater, storage, commercial
  • Electric water heater, instantaneous, residential
  • Gas and oil pool heater

Space heating equipment/products:

  • Gas furnace, commercial
  • Electric furnace, residential
  • Gas boiler, commercial
  • Oil boiler, commercial
  • Gas room heater, wall furnace, floor furnace

Air-conditioning equipment/products:

  • Liquid-to-liquid geothermal heat pump
  • Computer room air conditioner

Lighting products:

  • Metal halide lamp ballast*
  • Fluorescent lamp, self-ballasted compact and ballasted adapter
  • Incandescent lamps, candelabra & intermediate screw base
  • Luminaires: roadway, high-mast and dusk-to-dawn

Motors and transformers:

  • Small electric motor*
  • Power transformer, liquid
  • Distribution transformer, liquid
  • Distribution transformer, dry-type, medium voltage*

Other

  • Thermostat for room electric space heater
  • Residential windows

Note:

Products with * are regulated by NRCan as of April 2019 (when their Amendment 14 became effective). The list does not include products that are in NRCan’s Amendment 15 or proposed later amendments, nor does it include products included in Ontario's regulation that Ontario regulates on or after Jan 1, 2019 (i.e. furnace fans, commercial pumps, battery charger).

Regulations that exceed federal standards
The following Ontario standards exceed federal standards due to higher minimum energy performance standards or by applying to a broader range of product types:

  • Vending machine
  • Geothermal liquid-to-air heat pump
  • Water chiller
  • Single package vertical air conditioner and heat pump
  • Internal water loop heat pump
  • Incandescent lamp
  • Induction motor, three-phase
  • Television

Last reviewed: August 2019

Prince Edward Island

PEI harmonizes with federally regulated energy-using products.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

Québec regulates appliances and equipment under The Act respecting energy efficiency and energy conservation standards for certain electrical and hydrocarbon-fuelled appliances (chapter N-1.01).

Regulation OC 434-2017, adopted on May 3, 2017 and in force August 15, 2017 strengthened regulations, and added new products not previously regulated, by harmonizing with federal standards. The changes also regulated products not currently regulated by the federal government (e.g. specific television). This regulation also requires manufacturers to keep a registry of testing and standards adherence. The last modernization of Québec’s regulations was in 1995.

Regulation OC 1394-2018 adopted Dec 12, 2018, and in force December 27, 2018 automatically updates Québec’s regulations to harmonize with federal regulations.

The TEQ Master Plan calls for federal harmonization as well as extending the scope of regulations with an energy efficiency or GHG reduction potential in Québec noting areas such as doors and windows without federal regulations.

Regulated Products not covered by federal regulations
Quebec has regulated thermostats not covered by federal regulations.

Regulations that exceed federal standards
Products include

  • electric and gas hot water heaters
  • Hot air generators (gas and heating oil)
  • thermostats
  • standard lamps

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan harmonizes with federally regulated energy-using products.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

Yukon harmonizes with federally regulated energy-using products.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Efficiency Requirements for Government Supported Housing

Setting efficiency requirements will help keep government supported housing affordable and healthy, while supporting the high-performance housing sector.

Alberta

The Affordable Housing Energy Savings program allocates $25 M to retrofit provincial and municipally owned affordable housing stock. $9 M is from the Low-Carbon Economy Leadership Fund.

Last reviewed: August 2019

British Columbia

New Construction projects supported by BC Housing have standards based on the BC Energy Step Code. Buildings 3 stories or less must meet step 4; larger buildings less than 7 stories must meet step 2-4, depending on climate zone, and buildings 7 stories or greater must meet step 2-3, depending on climate zone.

A 30-point housing plan was released in February 2018 as part of the provincial budget, which included investing $1.1 billion over 10 years to retrofit affordable housing. It was announced in November 2018 that $400 M of this is dedicated to improving energy efficiency.

CleanBC also administers two programs to support energy efficiency retrofits and in new construction of social housing, which complement similar programs administered by provincial utilities.

Last reviewed: August 2018

Manitoba

The “design guidelines for multi-unit affordable and social housing”, dated November 2017, require new buildings to qualify for the Power Smart Designation from Manitoba Hydro’s new buildings program. The program requires new buildings to be at least 10% more efficient than the Manitoba Energy Code for Buildings 2013, which followed the 2011 National Energy Code for Buildings.

Last reviewed: August 2019

New Brunswick

The Province of New Brunswick Green Building Policy for New Construction & Major Renovation Projects contains mandatory guidelines for provincially funded social housing projects. The policy was released in 2010 and revised in 2011. New homes must achieve a minimum EnerGuide rating of 83 (or follow prescriptive guidelines). It also recommends homes be solar ready and to use materials produced using recycled content, that are produced regionally.[1]

In July 2018, New Brunswick announced a new 10-year housing agreement with the federal government to invest $300 M in social housing. This investment includes upgrades. No efficiency related targets or budgets to improve energy efficiency in particular are noted.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador’s 2009 Social Housing Plan, titled Secure Foundations, notes improving energy efficiency to current standards as part of general upgrades. Repairs and renovations continue to be supported in the province through federal and provincial funds. There are no specific budgets earmarked for energy efficiency, or efficiency standards for new or existing buildings noted in provincial policy documents.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nova Scotia

There is no policy or standard for government supported housing, though housing Nova Scotia has built homes to the Passive House Standard.

A 2016 Social Infrastructure Fund agreement between the province and the federal government will invest $75 M in affordable housing over the 2016-17 and 2017-18 fiscal years. $18.2 M was earmarked for “retrofit and renovation”, which could include “improving the energy and water efficiency”.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Northwest Territories

The Arctic Energy Alliance operates the “Community Government Building Energy Retrofit Program”. This program had a $200,000 budget in 2017/18, funded by the Government of NWT Department of Infrastructure.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Nunavut

The 2007 Energy Strategy calls for a strategy to retrofit all economically appropriate, existing housing units owned by the Nunavut Housing Corporation.

The Housing New Buildings Program, discussed in the 2007 Energy Strategy, discusses a 10-year housing program being negotiated with the federal government that will mandate new housing to be built at a level 25% above code requirements.

Announced in September 2018, The Nunavut Housing Corporation is undertaking retrofits and installing district heating systems in the communities of Sanikiluaq and Taloyoak. This is a $12 M investment, using the $31 M for Nunavut under the federal Low-Carbon Leadership Fund.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Ontario

There are no efficiency requirements for government supported housing in Ontario. 

Last reviewed: August 2019

Prince Edward Island

The PEI Housing Action Plan 2018-2023 list an action item to “explore mandating new affordable housing units to be built to a to-be-defined energy efficiency standard” over 2019-2023.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Quebec

Standards
The 2017-2021 Strategic Plan of La Société d’habitation du Québec notes improvements energy efficiency to contribute to government priorities.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Saskatchewan

No requirements identified.

Last reviewed: August 2019

Yukon

No requirements identified.

Last reviewed: August 2019

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